WHO defines “disinsection” as the procedure whereby health measures are taken to control or kill the insect vectors of human diseases present in baggage, cargo, containers, conveyances, goods and postal parcels. WHO recommendations cover the use of disinsection techniques in aircraft to help to minimize the spread of mosquito-borne diseases (WHO, 1985). Mosquitoes act as vectors of pathogens and parasites that cause a number of serious diseases, including dengue, yellow fever and malaria (WHO, 2005a).
The International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) establish global benchmark standards to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks and that avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade (WHO, 2005a).