Termite

/Termite
Termite 2018-07-04T15:13:42+00:00

Benefits of Using Our Service

  • FLIR® Thermographic Camera Locates Monitoring termite activities
  • Termatrac® T3i Termite Detecting Device Detects mud-leads, nests and entry points
  • Video Borescope Monitors termite activities
  • Combinations of Bayer® Liquid Termiticide and Termite Baits to Eliminate Termite Colonies, Protect wood made items from termite attack. Create an Effective Barrier and Protective Zone from Future Invasion. Up to 12 Months Warranty Period

Termites

The common termite species can be found in Hong Kong and Taiwan is called Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus). The other two common genus within subterranean termite family (Rhinotermitidae) are Reticulitermes and Heterotermes. The group as a whole is so-named because their activities are usually associated to some extent with the soil.

Subterranean termites invade your premises mainly by two methods. The first one will be termite swarm during early spring, a swarmer is a reproductive individual within the colony. Other names for reproductive individuals are the terms queen and king. Swarmers emerge from the ground or soil and mate in flight. They then drop their wings. Males die after mating. When mated females find suitable habitats (with moisture and wood), they are then ready to begin laying eggs and forming a new colony.

The second method is that, subterranean termites access aboveground wood in buildings through protected cracks and cavities. Normally, termites live in colonies underground, from which they build tunnels in search of food, they are able to reach food above the ground level by building mud tubes (mud shelter), as long as they can find tiny cracks or wood, they may start invading your home.

Termites and Ants

Like other insects, termites have six legs and a body divided into three main parts i.e. Head, Thorax and Abdomen. A pair of straight antennae is situated on the head. People always confuse termites with ants because of their somewhat similar appearance. The simple ways to distinguish termites from ants is that, termites have straight bead-like antennae and an abdomen that is broadly joined at the thorax; Ants in contrast, have elbowed antennae and a petiole (waist), which is constricted. Winged ants have differently-sized fore and hind wings while termites have same-sized fore and hind wings.

Features

Termites colonies contain distinct types of castes (individuals) that differ in both form and function i.e. Reproductives, workers and soldiers. Termites shed their skin (molt) periodically in order to grow.

Termites can consume a wide assortment of cellulose foods including living and dead wood, roots, grass, paper, cardboard, fiberboard and other plant-based materials.

Mature colonies of Reticulitermes and Coptotermes are more likely to be decentralized entities occupying multiple nesting or foraging sites, interconnected by an extensive network of underground tunnels.

This is hard to quantify the size and foraging range of termites. A large colony contained about 1 – 7 million foragers and could travel distance up to 100 m. A small colony contained only 55,000 individuals and occupied foraging areas less than 20 meter square.

If you ask “How long termites have been infesting my structure?”, we can answer you only “They seem to have been there for a period of years.”.

The rate and extent of structural damage depends on many factors and conditions like food types, moisture content and also the amount of competing food sources, it is extremely hard to predict with confidence how long an infestation has been present. However, some studies show a large colony could consume 0.5 – 1 kg of wood each day.

Termites are small, white, tan, or black

Termites belong to the insect order Isoptera, an ancient insect group that dates back more than 100 million years. The Latin name Isoptera means “equal wing”and refers to the fact that the front set of wings on a reproductive termite is similar in size and shape to the hind set. In nature they make many positive contributions to the world’s ecosystems. Their greatest contribution is the role they play in recycling wood and plant material. It is however, termites become a problem when they consume structural lumber.

Life Cycle

Most termite species swarm in late summer or fall, although spring swarms are not uncommon for subterranean and drywood termites. New kings and queens are winged during their early adult life but lose their wings after dispersing from their original colony.

An infestation begins when a mated pair finds a suitable nesting site near or in wood and constructs a small chamber, which they enter and seal. Soon afterward, the female begins egg laying, and both the king and queen feed the young on predigested food until they are able to feed themselves. Most species of termites have microscopic, one-celled animals called protozoa within their intestines that help in converting wood (cellulose) into food for the colony.

Once workers and nymphs are produced, the king and queen are fed by the workers and cease feeding on wood. Termites go through incomplete metamorphosis with egg, nymph, and adult stages. Nymphs resemble adults but are smaller and are the most numerous stage in the colony. They also groom and feed one another and other colony members.


Common Types of Termite

Subterranean Termites
There are more than 2,500 different types of termites in the world. However, most of this diversity can be lumped into four distinct groups: dampwood termites, drywood termites, subterranean termites, and mound builders.

Subterranean termites require moist environments. To satisfy this need, they usually nest in or near the soil and maintain some connection with the soil through tunnels in wood or through shelter tubes they construct. These shelter tubes are made of soil with bits of wood or even plasterboard (drywall).

Much of the damage they cause occurs in foundation and structural support wood. Because of the moisture requirements of subterranean termites, they are often found in wood that has wood rot or inside home, they are often found in wood floor, wood flames or wood furniture closed to restroom, bathroom, kitchen or window.

Controlling Subterranean Termites
Subterranean and dampwood termites in structures cannot be adequately controlled by fumigation, heat treatment, freezing, or termite electrocution devices because the reproductives and nymphs are concentrated in nests near or below ground level in structures out of reach of these control methods. The primary methods of controlling these termites are the application of termiticides or baiting programs.

Use of termiticides or baits should be supplemented with the destruction of their access points or nests. To facilitate control of subterranean termites, destroy their shelter tubes whenever possible to interrupt access to wooden substructures and to open colonies to attack from natural enemies such as ants.

Dampwood Termites
Dampwood termites only infest wood with high moisture content. Dampwood termites nest in wood buried in the ground, although contact with the ground is not necessary when infested wood is high in moisture. Because of their high moisture requirements, dampwood termites most often are found in cool, humid areas like flowerbeds and are typical pests of beach houses. Infestations in structures usually occur where wood is wetted by moisture leaks. Structures, utility poles, pilings, and lumber exposed to high moist soil and humidity are subject to attack.

Dampwood termites are noticeably larger than subterranean termites. Winged reproductives typically swarm between July and October, but it is not unusual to see them at other times of the year. Dampwood termite winged reproductives (sometimes called swarmers) are attracted to lights. Dampwood termites produce distinctive fecal pellets that are rounded at both ends, elongate, and lack the clear longitudinal ridges common to drywood termite pellets.

For dampwood termites, if infestations are small, destroy accessible nests by removing infested wood. Removing excess moisture from wood will also destroy dampwood termite nests.

Drywood Termites
Drywood termites are so-named because they live entirely in dry, sound wood. They are well adapted to withstand environmental extremes in both moisture and temperature. Drywood termites colonies are small in comparison to subterranean termties, containing perhaps a few thousands individuals. Drywood termites infest dry, undecayed wood, including structural lumber as well as dead limbs of native trees and shade and orchard trees, utility poles, posts, and lumber in storage. From these areas, winged reproductives seasonally migrate to nearby buildings and other structures usually on sunny days during fall months.

Drywood termites have a low moisture requirement and can tolerate dry conditions for prolonged periods. They remain entirely above ground and do not connect their nests to the soil. Piles of their fecal pellets, which are distinctive in appearance, may be a clue to their presence. The fecal pellets are elongate (about 3/100 inch long) with rounded ends and have six flattened or roundly depressed surfaces separated by six longitudinal ridges.

Johnson Group Termite Control Service

There is no better defense against termites than a tailor-made treatment plan from Johnson Group.

Successful termite management requires many special skills, including a working knowledge of building construction. An understanding of termite biology and identification can help a homeowner detect problems and understand methods of control. In most cases it is advisable to hire a professional pest control company to carry out the inspection and control program.

Management techniques vary depending on the species causing an infestation. Multiple colonies of the same species of termite or more than one species of termite can infest a building. Any of these variables will influence your control approach.

Johnson Group delivers the world’s best value in termite control. You’ll receive written specifications, an inspection report and customized treatment programs after your consultation/inspection. During warranty period, if termites happen to return following your treatment, we promise to re-treat the problem at no additional charge.

Benefits

  • Eliminate existing termite colonies by either liquid termiticides or termite baits, or combinations of both
  • Protect wood made items from termite attack
  • Create an effective barrier and protective zone from future invasion

Johnson Group Termite Management Systems – equips the most innovative and exclusive technology in termite management. We introduce FLIR® Thermographic Camera for Termite Activity Diagnostics; Termatrac® T3i (Termite Detector); and Borescope Termite Inspection as a standard inspection & treatment tools and requires no additional costs from you.

FLIR® Thermographic Camera

Locating termite activities

Infrared thermography is the easiest and quickest method to detect heat and moisture in structures or buildings. An infrared camera shows exactly where the problems are and helps focus termite professionals’ attention allowing them to properly diagnose areas with termite activity.

Thermographic Termite Inspection – Infrared thermography is the easiest and quickest method to detect heat and moisture in structures or buildings. An infrared camera shows exactly where the problems are and helps focus termite professionals’ attention allowing them to properly diagnose areas with termite activity.

Thermal Camera helps our professionals quickly scan large areas to pinpoint

  • water intrusion, find moisture beneath the surfaces
  • mud tubes (mud shelters)
  • nesting locations

Termatrac® T3i – Termite Detector

Detecting mud-leads, nests and entry points

The Termatrac® T3i has revolutionized the practice of professional termite detection by combining the three critical technologies required to competently and efficiently detect, locate and confirm the presence of termites:
  • Termatrac’s latest patented Termite Detection Radar
  • Advanced Remote Thermal Sensor with Laser Guide
  • Advanced Moisture Sensor

The 3-in-1 functionality makes the Termatrac® T3i become one of the best available tools for our Professionals.

Termite risk areas are easily identified using the Remote Thermal Sensor with Laser Guide and/or the built in Moisture Sensor. Termatrac’s patented Termite Detection Radar is then used to accurately detect, confirm and track the presence of termites, plus precisely locate nests, mud-leads, and entry points to ensure a cost-efficient and effective treatment.


SafePRO® Borescope

Monitoring termite activities

Nothing can be comparable with visual evidence. It can sometimes prove invaluable in situation where conventional inspection methods are inadequate. SafePRO® Borescope can be used to inspect hollow trees/roots and inaccessible areas i.e. false ceilings, voids behind walls etc. where traditionally could not be uncovered by the use of microwave or CO2 type detectors.

SafePRO® Borescope enables our technicians to see into areas that are otherwise inaccessible for visual inspection. The palm-sized video borescope is equipped with an LED light source, TFT display, camera and recorder, it can let you see through what is actually moving underneath the mud shelters and behind finished walls. Typically, a hole (~5mm) is drilled and the optical lens is inserted into the desired viewing areas.

Bayer Premise® SC200 Liquid Termiticide

HK Reg. no. 2P256 (SC)

Premise is a non-repellent termiticide, that provides economical structural protection combined with a colony management effect. Premise is a sustainable solution for termite control. It is water-based and has been designed to provide protection at extremely low doses, utilising an active ingredient with a good safety and environmental profile.

Advantages

  • Treatments that everyone can live with-except termites (the active ingredient Imidacloprid has very low mammalian toxicity to humans and other warm-blooded animals).
  • Termites do not detect imidacloprid and will freely tunnel into treated soil/wood. However, they soon stop feeding, become disoriented, sluggish and eventually die about 4-6 weeks after termiticide application.
  • Termites exposed to imidacloprid-treated materials can transfer lethal concentrations to unexposed nestmates.
  • Success without smell, no odor and airborne residues

Why Premise® SC200

Killing- Premise® allows termites to enter the treatment zone, but after a short distance they are affected by the chemical and control is achieved immediately. They become disoriented and dysfunctional, stop feeding and are no longer able to coordinate their tunneling through the soil.

Prevention- Premise® continues to move slowly in the soil for several days after application, ensuring more even distribution. This will create a continuous barrier with no breaks and weak spots.

Premise® is now registered for exterior perimeter termite treatments.

Perimeter label allows you to focus your treatments where termite infestations are most likely to occur Less Intrusive. No inside treatments required unless there are active termite infestations found during inspection Less drilling required, compared to conventional treatments Less labor and chemical required Complete exterior perimeter treatment of the home required.

There’s proof to back it up Bayer compiled research from 2003 – 2006 in over 3,000 structures in 22 states: Over 40 PMPs and 23 University Researchers participated in the study All termite species were represented Showed Premise provided greater than 98% control of termites.

Premise works by killing termites, and because contaminated termites transfer it to other termites before they die, it kills not only those entering the treated soil, but also many of the termites back in the colony. This colony management effect greatly increases the success of termite control, as termites are eliminated, not just where the soil is treated, but also back their source – the termite colony.
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Dustmitex®

HK Reg. No. 2P297 (SP) / EPA Reg. no. 67419-1

As a borate-based pesticide (disodium octaborate tetrahydrate), Dustmitex® has a very low mammalian toxicity and targets specific pests. Also, Dustmitex® is applied only where needed, further reducing any unnecessary impact to the rest of the environment. And since it is long-lasting, less product is required for a successful and effective Green Pest Management program.

Dustmitex® effect on pests comes from the way the boron molecules in its active ingredient interfere with a pest’s metabolism. So, by ingesting Dustmitex®, the insect is unable to extract nutrition from its food and effectively starves to death. Humans, pets and other living things don’t share the risk because they are able to excrete excess boron from their bodies.

Advantages

  • Borates are inorganic minerals mined from naturally formed deposits in the earth.
  • Active ingredient is Disodium octaborate tetrahydrate (DOT), commonly used foe most wood treatments.
  • Borates cause mortality in termites by interfering with digestion. Borates also are toxic to many species of wood-destroying insects and fungi, and unless exposed to constant rewetting, maintain their preservative qualities for decades.
  • They are non-staining, odorless, and low in mammalian toxicity (about the same as table salt).

Why borate based liquid termiticide

  • Subterranean termites have a difficult time penetrating through or tunneling over wood surfaces treated with borate.
  • High mortality and feeding deterrence occurs when termites attempt to penetrate the surface of borate-treated wood.
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Proven track records

Liquid termiticide to soils during pre-construction stage

Client reference
Sun Fook Kong Construction Limited
Taisei-Hip Hing Joint Venture
Shimizu-China State J.V.
Leighton Constructors (Asia) Limited

Case references
Hong Kong Disneyland Hotel
Disney’s Hollywood Hotel
Disneyland Main Street
Disneyland Tomorrowland
Disneyland Space Mountain
Disneyland Buzz Lightyear
Disneyland Disney Storybook Theatre
Disneyland Iron Man Experience
Disneyland Back of House Building
Disneyland Toys Story
Disneyland Mystic Point
Disneyland Grizzly Gulch


Client reference

Cheung Kong Property Holdings Limited

Case references

Cheung Kong Centre, 2 Queen’s road, Central


Termite control to residential buildings (with liquid termiticide)

Client reference

Hong Kong Housing Authority i.e. authorized termite applicator since 1995

Case references

All public estates and parks


Termite control to cable trench (with liquid termiticide)

Client reference

The Hongkong Electric Company Limited

Case reference
Lamma Power Station


Termite inspection to trees

Client reference

Leisure and Cultural Services Department

Case reference
Morse Park
Chai Wan Park


Termite baits to green areas

Client reference

Leisure and Cultural Services Department
Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department

Case reference
Kowloon Park
Morse Park
Hong Kong Wet Land Park
Chai Wan Park

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Contact Us

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No.3 Hoi Shing Road, Tsuen Wan, N.T, Hong Kong

Phone: +852 2481 3988

Fax: +852 2425 9251

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